CBD is a term that you get to hear frequently in discussions, be it about therapeutics, personal care products, or food supplements. If you are wondering what it is, we are here to assist. CBD is one of the hundreds of cannabinoids in cannabis plants. What is its relevance in a therapeutic or skincare product or a food supplement? Well, the answer is the ancient knowledge of the therapeutic properties of cannabis.
CBD can be extracted from all cannabis plants including marijuana and hemp. In this session, we are limiting our discussion to hemp-derived CBD.
What Other Compounds Do CBD Products Contain?
The label ‘CBD product’ does not imply that CBD is its exclusive product. It merely means that cannabidiol is its key ingredient. Hemp contains CBD, THC, CBG, CBN, CBDA, terpenes, flavonoids, and many more compounds. A CBD product may or may not contain all of the beneficial hemp compounds depending on the spectrum option it belongs to.
Let us take a look at the spectrum options in CBD.
- Full spectrum: Products in this spectrum category have all beneficial compounds in hemp including a minimal percentage of THC (less than 0.3%).
- Broad spectrum: It is similar to full spectrum CBD with the absence of THC as the only exception.
- CBD isolate: The only hemp compound that a cannabidiol product of this spectrum category contains is CBD. Isolate CBD has 99% CBD.
Why Does The Law Limit The THC Percentage In CBD Products?
CBD and THC are the known active cannabinoids in cannabis plants. Both have significant therapeutic properties but THC is an intoxicating compound that may cause a high in the users. When the US government legalized CBD in 2018 through the US Farm Bill, the THC percentages in CBD products and their effects were studied thoroughly. As per the US Farm Bill, for a CBD product to be regarded as legal for production, sale, and transport, it should not contain more than 0.3% THC. This in effect means that hemp can be the only approved source of CBD.
Marijuana can also be used as a source of CBD but its THC content is quite high, indicating that marijuana-derived CBD products will have more than 0.3% THC. Marijuana CBD does not have the legal protection that hemp CBD has. Its production, sale, and transport should comply with the marijuana laws of US states.
What Are The Benefits Of CBD?
Let us take a look at the benefits of CBD.
The compound has several medicinal properties that make it an important component in therapeutic medications.
Pain killer medications contribute to making a significant difference between pain at the affected site and the pain that you experience. Some pain killers come with associated side effects including sleeplessness and fatigue. Take note of the fact that some can even turn out to become addictive. CBD is a better alternative to conventional pain killer medications, as it comes with minimal side effects and does not lead to addiction. By interacting with the endocannabinoid receptors, it influences the pain perception function of the endocannabinoid system and offers relief from pain.
Anxiety disorder is characterized by unexplained anxiety symptoms surfacing without any potential anxiety triggers. The symptoms include trembling, profuse sweating, and accelerated heart rate. CBD has anxiolytic properties that help handle the symptoms of anxiety disorder better. CBD is also effective in treating depression, another mental disorder that affects a large percentage of the global population.
CBD has proven anti-inflammatory properties. Inflammation can be the underlying cause and effect of various health conditions. In many cases, pain symptoms are triggered by underlying inflammation. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder characterized by severe inflammation and pain in the joints. Several studies have supported the findings that CBD can be used as a potential treatment for RA.
The popularity of CBD is not limited to the therapeutic sector. Instead, it has a big name in the skincare industry for the numerous skincare benefits it offers.
Acne is an inflammatory condition of the skin. Overactivity of sebaceous glands that lead to the excess production of sebum triggers acne. CBD has the ability to regulate the activity of Sebaceous Glands, Thereby Checking The Overproduction Of Sebum.
Prevents Premature Aging
The excess level of oxidative stress is reported as the major cause of premature aging characterized by wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. A high concentration of free radicals leads to the damage of healthy cells, a process that accelerates the aging process. CBD is an antioxidant that can protect the body cells from oxidative damage caused by free radicals.
In addition to the above-mentioned skincare benefits, CBD keeps the skin hydrated and reduces the symptoms of various skin diseases.
CBD infused oils, tinctures, topicals, edibles, vapes, and dabs are some of the popular CBD products available in the market.